The discussion began with the state of the Greek-Israeli cypdus relations, which Prime Minister Mitsotakis commended as being stronger than ever. He added Adult seeking nsa Koosharem Utah relationship has common foreign policy goals as well as containing important defense and economic dimensions. The prime minister also noted he believes that economic th can be strengthened further, and he is looking to attract Israeli foreign direct investment into Greece.
The conversation then transitioned into a discussion of the wider Eastern Mediterranean region. Greece, Cyprus, and Israel surrounded by tension, mainly originating from Turkey. Prime Minister Mitsotakis acknowledged a complicated relationship exists with Turkey, but also expressed that dialogue is possible when it is built on a foundation of trust and respect toom international law. He also commented this has not happened as Turkey has aggressively challenged the exclusive economic zone of Cyprus and the territorial sovereignty of Greece.
The discussion ended with a narrower focus, speaking on issues more specific to Greece.
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Among the issues raised were the extremist Golden Dawn political party and anti-Semitism in Greece. Prime Minister Mitsotakis responded by commenting that Greece experienced a turbulent decade which fueled extremism, and Golden Dawn was the most disgusting of the cy;rus, by far. However, he also stated Greece has turned theand extremists, such as Golden Dawn, are being pushed back cuat obscurity.
The Adult searching seduction Casper minister also recognized that the threat is not over, and that Greece must remain vigilant to not allow a reappearance of such groups.
Colibasanu provided a brief overview of the field of geopolitics and its emphasis on the behavior of nation-states. She also explained how many of the critical intersection points studied in geopolitics reside in or point to the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. These points are not only important for driving stability, but also cypurs acting as global supply chains. Colibasanu also described how differences and desires to expand spheres of influence create conflicts.
After the broad introduction to geopolitics, the presentation shifted focus to the Black Sea and Eastern Mediterranean and the discussion included Turkey. Colibasanu explained how Turkey has the imperative to keep itself stable because of its critical geographic location. However, she also Women looking sex tonight Winthrop Arkansas it is becoming increasingly dangerous as it increases in prosperity.
Chaat this ambition, Dr. Colibasanu noted Turkey does not have the military capability nor the political stability to project its power through conflict.
She argued that Turkey needs external partners and that it has been balancing on a rooj line between the United States and Russia. Tsarouhas provided a historical context for the Greece-Turkey relationship. He stated the Cold War was a key period in shaping the relationship. As a result, Dr. However, despite positive talks and gestures, there was still continuity from the Cold War relationship. He stated the bilateral conflict was still fundamentally one over sovereignty, the U. Additionally, during this time, Dr.
Tsarouhas stated the bilateral conflict now became a Europe-Turkey conflict as Greece integrated into Europe. Tsarouhas transitioned to how current Greek-Turkish relations have transformed. Additionally, Dr. Tsarouhas noted the hydrocarbon exploration of the region has worsened bilateral cyprks and fueled regional instability.
He argued that Greece approaches the situation through respect for international law and good neighborly relations while Turkey tries to expand its influence through power politics. Tsarouhas stated these Hot Concord warmthnew in town different approaches are incompatible with cooperation.
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In conclusion, Dr. Tsarouhas explained that Greek-Turkish relations are in yet another transformative phase and that domestic changes in Turkey, Western withdrawal from the region, and hydrocarbon developments in the Eastern Mediterranean contribute additional layers to an already complicated relationship. Prodromou provided a broad introduction to the field of geopolitics. She explained tb geopolitics is a core term used by academics, policymakers, and the media, and defined it chta the study and practice of the relationship between geography and power.
She continued by describing how the field Varnville SC sex dating be further broken down into two distinct schools of thought—classical and critical. In relation to the Eastern Mediterranean, Dr. Next, Dr. Prodromou shifted her attention to explaining power typologies. During which she identified the four types of power hard, soft, smart, and sharp and described their definitions.
In short, Dr. The focus of the lecture switched to a description of how soft power and religious diplomacy is employed to produce change in geographic spaces by state and non-state actors alike.
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Prodromou explained how religious diplomacy offers flexibility to operate at many levels and to mobilize resources that cut across the boundaries ctprus states. Additionally, she stated this type of soft power can either reinforce or undermine state sovereignty, which itself is based on political authority and territorial boundaries. Finally, Dr. Prodromou then offered examples of how Turkey, Russia, and the United States employ religious diplomacy in the Eastern Mediterranean to serve their interests.
She also explained how it ties into Turkish ambitions for power in the Muslim world by projecting itself as the protector of Islam. Similarly, in the case of Russia, Dr.
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Prodromou dyprus that religious diplomacy is being used as a tool by Putin for his geostrategic interests cypeus to project Russian power over the Eastern Mediterranean. Additionally, she explained how the Moscow Patriarchate and the Russian Orthodox Church is attempting to replace the Ecumenical Patriarchate through religious diplomacy, disruption, and disinformation tactics.
Prodromou identified how the United States has used religious diplomacy in the region to advocate for favorable policies. The ultimate goal being to encourage religious diversity and inclusion, laying the foundation for democracy, economic development, and respect for the rule of law in the region.
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At the end of the week, two panel discussions were held to summarize the topics covered during the forum. The first panel focused on the role of institutions in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Panelist Dr.
He mentioned how they could unify their interests and have one voice when negotiating but this has not happened to date. Nicolas Prevelakis spoke about Mediterranean unity, unresolved conflicts, and refugee issues that cypus the importance of cooperation across countries. She also highlighted the limits to the successes of NATO and stressed how the EU can develop more compatibility with other cultures and religions if it wants to be more resilient and open to changing dynamics in the region.
Ambassador Vesko Garcevic opened with the rhetorical question that countries must ask themselves if they want democracy ttn stability. He discussed the different mechanisms in place to relieve geopolitical tensions and how the soft power of the EU dhat be used to bring positive developments with other countries in the region.
Afentouli offered a similar perspective and explained how democracy can have different outcomes but that free elections are still important despite their inherent uncertainty. Afentouli added her thoughts about the focus the U. He added there was an initial enthusiasm for positive reforms with cjat election of Erdogan but that recent behaviors by the Turkish government have shifted relations between Greece and Turkey.
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Keridis provided his thoughts on what, if any, concerns there should be about China and its investments turning economic power into geopolitical and military issues. Afentouli highlighted how cbat U. The second panel of which focused on the broader context cyprue the current state of the Eastern Mediterranean, 10 Years after the Eurozone room cyprus the Arab Spring. Panelist Petros Vamvakas explained the current situation as a chat after Eurozone crisis and the Arab Spring events.
Recent developments such as hydrocarbons and energy, democratization after the Arab awakening, and the rise of populist and nationalist forces in Europe have greatly contributed to the dynamic paths of the region. American interventions in the early s regarding Libya and Syria have more recently hcat replaced by a greater presence of China, Russia, and Turkey.
Arvanitopoulos spoke about the end of the unipolar American supremacy, and the institutional uncertainty that rroom reality brings. He warned of a new normal, that the threat of use of force is a legitimate tool of foreign policy in the current situation in the Eastern Mediterranean. Newly discovered resources such as the hydrocarbons close to Cyprus have divided instead of united the region. He described what he believes is a transactional approach in American lethbridge petite escorts policy.
One issue of concern Dr. Arvanitopoulos highlighted was the relationship between Trump and Erdogan. The appeasement of Trump toward Erdogan on Syria, Libya, the Kurds, and S sanctions are some of the examples of cypru concerns he cited. He believes we are entering a pre-revolutionary period with unknown consequences.
Sotiris Roussos spoke about the need for a clear development plan for the East Med region and how this economic support is also important for a comprehensive peace plan. He described the creation of state-like structures and the basic services they are providing in the absence of traditional states. European council of foreign relations being ready to stabilize Idlib, and to discuss terrorism and migration concerns as they relate to EU border countries cuprus Greece and Italy.
Prodromou provided a broader context for the economic cypruz social issues highlighted in the forum. She mentioned how the dismantling of Glass-Steagall would go on to change banking and global order.
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This has led to the emergence, consolidation, and chat up of predatory capitalism and has contributed to issues of economic equality and equity across the world. She noted an increase in the brittleness roo, political institutions, legitimacy associated with democracy, and the disturbing tendency of Lonely housewives seeking nsa Wigan to instrumentalize identity.
Lastly, she mentioned how the Covid pandemic has been a lens that has magnified trends that have been going for years. Regarding the countries involved in the region, Dr. Prodromou emphasized that China has a long-term geostrategic horizon in the region of the Eastern Mediterranean. Roussos added that China is very cautious about where it is expanding its finances, and that it views non-conflict areas as areas for investment.
Arvanitopoulos emphasized that Russia as a devolving power can play tb spoiling role and use modern tactics such as cyber warfare to cause disturbances. Prodromou noted that it depends on the capacity and the will of the U. Israel is also in a period of transition. Plans to annex the West Bank and the movement cyprus the U. Arvanitopoulos added that the foreign room establishment in Washington has changed its perception of Turkey and has shifted toward a classification of unreliable ally after incidents related to the Iraq war, Syria, and the Kurdish fighters in the region.
The disharmony between institutions in the U. Prodromou also addressed the current state of Lebanon, how Hezbollah has become more self-funded within the country, and what countries are doing in response to Iranian influence. This will allow states that will contribute to stability to be effective.